Eni, FCA Team to Reduce CO2 Emissions
• The development of new technologies for the use of gas in transport. These would facilitate the use of compressed (CNG) and liquefied (LNG) gas, as well as of methanol, which allows emission reductions when it is added to traditional fuel. Eni has developed a new type of petrol containing alternative fuels (15% methanol and 5% bioethanol) which produces lower emissions and is currently being jointly tested with FCA. This new fuel will be used by five Fiat 500 vehicles from the Enjoy fleet, Eni's car sharing service that was created in partnership with FCA, in an extensive road test. Use of this new petrol can ensure a reduction of more than 4% of CO2 emissions(2% in the combustion phase and a further 2.3% deriving from the fuel production cycle and due to the organic component).
In addition, in order to extend the use of car sharing and underline the versatility and flexibility of compressed gas, the Enjoy fleet will be expanded to include Fiat Doblò vans in the new Enjoy Cargo service, starting at the beginning of next year. This will constitute the world's first case of vehicle sharing for the transport of goods, without the need to pick-up and return vans from or to a fixed point. 20% of the Fiat Doblò fleet will be powered by methane.
•The realization, which will benefit also from the collaboration with MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), of technologies and devices for the capture and temporary storage of part of CO2 produced by internal combustion engines. With road transport vehicles responsible for around 23% of total CO2 emissions, and the share of light vehicles alone reaching about 10%, this would result in a significant reduction of the transport sector's CO2 emissions.
•To reduce overall greenhouse gas
emissions further, the parties also confirmed their shared interest in
assessing new fuel types for use in existing vehicles, without the need
for substantial mechanical changes. Among other things, this includes
diesel types with a higher proportion of hydrotreated vegetable oils (HVO)
than now, petrol with higher alcohol content, including from renewable
sources and/or waste, and the use of new "friction-reducing" additives.
It is a strategic path for Eni and
signifies our commitments in a number of areas. In the area of mobility,
Eni has already taken several important steps, for example in developing
innovative, low-emission green fuels. This is part of an integrated
strategy that ranges from the reduction of CO2 emissions in all our
activities to the promotion of natural gas as a clean fossil fuel to
serve as a bridge in the transition to renewables, and from the testing
of green and alternative fuels to renewable energy research. We will
push our innovative projects with FCA forward, aiming to make a
significant contribution in terms of emissions reduction in the short
term, as well as ambitious, though realistic, future objectives.
•This fuel can already be used with existing vehicles, without the need to modify the engine. If combined with systems the two companies are developing for the on-board capture and storage of CO2, we could achieve an even more significant level of reduction of emissions.
•With regard to the use of methanol, use of the new petrol (15% methanol, 5% bio-ethanol) can ensure, well to wheel, a more than 4% reduction in CO2 emissions. The possible future replacement, currently being studied, of methanol by bio-methanol from renewable sources, could lead to the reduction of CO2 emissions by around 10%, reaching also in this case significant level of reduction of emissions when the system of on-board CO2 capture is included.