Nonfarm Payrolls Rise by 209K
August 4, 2017
Total nonfarm payroll
employment increased by 209,000 in July, and the unemployment
was little changed at 4.3 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today.
Employment increased in food services and drinking places,
professional and business
services, and health care.
Household Survey Data
Both the unemployment rate, at 4.3 percent, and the number of
unemployed persons, at 7.0
million, changed little in July. After declining earlier in the
year, the unemployment rate has shown little movement in recent
Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult
men (4.0 percent), adult
women (4.0 percent), teenagers (13.2 percent), Whites (3.8
percent), Blacks (7.4 percent),
Asians (3.8 percent), and Hispanics (5.1 percent) showed little
or no change in July.
Among the unemployed, the number of long-term unemployed (those
jobless for 27 weeks or
more) was little changed at 1.8 million in July and accounted
for 25.9 percent of the unemployed.
The labor force participation rate, at 62.9 percent, changed
little in July and has shown
little movement on net over the past year. The
employment-population ratio (60.2 percent)
was also little changed in July but is up by 0.4percentage
point over the year.
The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons
(sometimes referred to as
involuntary part-time workers), at 5.3 million, was essentially
unchanged in July. These
individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were
working part time because
their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to
find a full-time job.
In July, 1.6 million persons were marginally attached to the
labor force, down by 321,000
from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
These individuals were not in
the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had
looked for a job sometime in
the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because
they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the
Among the marginally attached, there were 536,000 discouraged
workers in July, essentially
unchanged over the year. Discouraged workers are persons not
currently looking for work
because they believe no jobs are available for them. The
remaining 1.1 million persons
marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched
for work for reasons such as school attendance or family
Establishment Survey Data
Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 209,000 in July.
Job gains occurred in food
services and drinking places, professional and business
services, and health care.
Employment growth has averaged 184,000 per month thus far this
year, in line with the average monthly gain in 2016 (+187,000).
Employment in food services and drinking places rose by 53,000
in July. The industry has
added 313,000 jobs over the year.
Professional and business services added 49,000 jobs in July, in
line with its average
monthly job gain over the prior 12 months.
In July, health care employment increased by 39,000, with job
gains occurring in ambulatory
health care services (+30,000) and hospitals (+7,000). Health
care has added 327,000 jobs
over the past year.
Employment in mining was essentially unchanged in July (+1,000).
From a recent low in
October 2016 through June, the industry had added an average of
7,000 jobs per month.
Employment in other major industries, including construction,
trade, retail trade, transportation and warehousing,
information, financial activities,
and government, showed little change over the month.
The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm
payrolls was unchanged at 34.5
hours in July. In manufacturing, the workweek was also unchanged
at 40.9 hours, and
overtime remained at 3.3 hours. The average workweek for
production and nonsupervisory
employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 33.7 hours for the
fourth consecutive month.
July, average hourly earnings for all employees on private
nonfarm payrolls rose by 9
cents to $26.36. Over the year, average hourly earnings have
risen by 65 cents, or 2.5
percent. In July, average hourly earnings of private-sector
production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 6 cents to
The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for May was
revised down from +152,000 to
+145,000, and the change for June was revised up from +222,000
to +231,000. With these
revisions, employment gains in May and June combined were 2,000
more than previously
reported. Monthly revisions result from additional reports
received from businesses and
government agencies since the last published estimates and from
the recalculation of
seasonal factors. Over the past 3 months, job gains have
averaged 195,000 per month.