U.S. President Barack Obama and his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping,
have completed a two-day informal summit that addressed issues including
cybersecurity, North Korea and climate change.
Barack Obama walks with President Xi Jinping of the People's Republic of
China on the grounds of the Annenberg Retreat at Sunnylands in Rancho
Mirage, Calif., June 8, 2013. (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza)
National security adviser Tom Donilon
told reporters the two leaders agreed that resolving cybersecurity
differences would be "key to the future' of the bilateral relationship.
Donilon also said the two leaders agreed that North Korea must abandon
its nuclear weapons program.
"If [cybersecurity issues are] not addressed, and the "direct theft of
U.S. property" continues, Donilon said there will be "a very difficult
problem in the [ongoing] economic relationship."
Both Donilon and Chinese State Councilor Yang Jiechi said President Xi
told Obama that Beijing and Washington were in agreement on the North
Korean nuclear issue and that neither country will accept North Korea as
a nuclear state.
North Korea depends heavily on China for aid and trade, and Beijing
maintains close ties with Pyongyang. However, North Korea's recent
bellicose rhetoric, including threats of nuclear strikes on the United
States and other South Korean allies, has visibly cooled those ties in
Both Donilon and Chinese State Councilor Yang spoke to reporters
separately, as the leaders of the world's two largest economies ended
the two-day summit in California.
The White House said earlier that both presidents also agreed on a joint
effort to combat climate change, including a push to curb the production
of what it called "super greenhouse gases."
White House statement said a "global phase down of hydroflourocarbons"
used in air conditioners and refrigerators could significantly reduce
greenhouse gases in the atmosphere by 2050.
Ahead of the meeting, U.S. officials described the summit as an
opportunity for President Obama and President Xi to speak candidly about
the issues affecting their two countries.
The Chinese leader arrived in California Thursday after visits to
Mexico, Costa Rica and Trinidad.
He and Obama were originally scheduled to hold their first meeting of
the year in September at the G20 Summit in Russia. But both sides agreed
there was a need to meet earlier.