U.S. central bank says America’s economic recovery has slowed, and that
near-zero interest rates are expected to remain in place for another
year. The statement from Federal Reserve policymakers came after a U.S.
credit rating downgrade and significant losses on global financial
If nervous investors were looking for swift, aggressive action from the
Federal Reserve in response to the U.S. credit rating downgrade, lagging
economic growth, and upheaval in financial markets, Tuesday’s meeting of
Fed policymakers gave them little to cheer about.
With interest rates already at historic lows, the U.S. central bank
announced no interest rate or policy changes, nor any new rounds of
monetary infusions. That, despite noting what the Fed termed heightened
“downside” risks to an economic recovery that many economists believe is
Even so, the Federal Reserve did not rule out future action, saying its
Open Market Committee discussed a “range of policy tools available to
promote a stronger economic recovery.”
Bank of New York Mellon global financial strategist Jack Malvey said, “I
think they [Federal Reserve officials] would prefer to see the markets
try and reach equilibrium on their own," said Malvey. "This [market
upheaval] really is not [a repeat of the financial crisis of] 2008. This
is a response to an overload of negative factors over the course of the
last couple of weeks. And it does provide some basis for optimism and
not-too-distant [market] stabilization.”
Malvey appeared on Bloomberg Television. He said market fears of another
recession in the United States have eclipsed those stemming from
Standard & Poor’s downgrade of U.S. creditworthiness. “The chances of a
recession in the U.S. are probably up in the 50-percent category
[range]. In many respects, the [S&P] downgrade was no big deal. It was
in recognition of what was fairly obvious over the last year, that the
U.S. fiscal position is not as strong as it had been," he said.
A slowing U.S. economy will exacerbate America’s fiscal imbalances. Yet
a $1.5 trillion deficit gives the federal government little room to
stimulate growth. Given these realities, the Obama administration is
advocating short-term measures to spur job growth and consumer activity
while also urging long-term efforts to cut the deficit and slow the
growth of the national debt.
Sperling, who heads President Barack Obama’s National Economic Council,
also appeared on Bloomberg Television. “We need to do both the
short-term and the long-term. And the best thing we can have is that we
are willing to take aggressive bipartisan action on job growth in the
short-term, in the same context in which we are also signaling that we
are going to get control of our long-term fiscal situation," he said.
Sperling said the administration wants to see an extension of a
temporary cut in taxes paid by workers to fund Social Security, thereby
giving wage earners higher take-home pay. Monday, President Obama
renewed his call for a bipartisan formula to reduce America’s debt
burden. Washington’s lack of progress in confronting America’s fiscal
challenges was listed as a primary factor in Standard & Poor’s decision
to cut the U.S. credit rating last week.